Born on the Border
Minutemen Vigilantes, Origins of Arizona’s
Anti-Immigrant Movement, and a Call for Increased
In 2005, as members of the Minutemen Project prepare to watch areas of the U.
S.-Mexico border to spot and stop undocumented migrants coming from Mexico,
a grassroots effort to watch the Minutemen takes shape in Southern Arizona.
Led by Ray Ybarra —a young attorney, human rights activist and Arizona
native— a small army of volunteer legal observers follow the various groups of
vigilantes in order to document their actions and prevent abuses to people
crossing the border.
This book provides an excellent and unique first-hand chronicle of the often
dangerous interaction between the Minutemen and the legal observers in a
volatile environment where while the vigilantes try to find migrants in the desert,
the eyes and ears of the activists are on the vigilantes themselves.
The author provides perhaps one of the few direct and accurate accounts of the
historic actions of border vigilantes and of those who watched them across three
Southwest states for three long, intense and unpredictable months.
Author: Ray Ybarra Maldonado, Esq.
Title: Born on the Border - Minutemen Vigilantes, Origins of Arizona’s Anti-
Immigrant Movement, and a Call for Increased Civil Disobedience
Number of pages: 264 (includes photographs)
Hispanic Institute of Social Issues